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Treatment addresses the poor oral habits that are the real cause of crooked teeth. It is a common belief that crowded teeth, incorrect jaw development and other orthodontic problems are caused by either large teeth in small jaws, or other hereditary factors. Modern research has shown that mouth breathing, tongue thrusting, reverse swallowing and thumb sucking “known as incorrect myofunctional habits“ are the real causes of incorrect jaw development. Allergies, asthma and an open mouth posture can also contribute towards the jaws developing incorrectly. Treatment uses myofunctional orthodontic techniques to address the poor oral habits that are the real, underlying causes of crooked teeth and uses light, intermittent forces to align the teeth. This is done through the use of a series of removable dental appliances that are worn for just 1-2 hours each day and overnight while sleeping. The Myobrace® System is a bit like a training program. Like study or sport, daily commitment and persistence is required to obtain the best results. It also depends on the patient’s “inherent biology for change“ therefore sometimes the results are rapid and other times it may take more perseverance. The optimum time to begin treatment is when the patient is still growing and the first permanent teeth appear (at around six to ten years of age). If poor myofunctional habits are discovered at an earlier age, it is best to start treatment immediately. Patients over 15 years of age can also be treated but the problems and habits causing the crooked teeth are often more difficult to change at this stage. Old habits die hard, so the sooner the training program is implemented the better the growth benefits and the more permanent the result. Daily use of the Myobrace® combined with regular activities (to improve breathing, muscle function and tongue posture) results in straighter teeth and improved function, leading to optimal facial development and a healthier smile.